Copyright and Fair Use Information for Educators and Students

U.S. Copyright Office's Circular 1: Copyright Basics - What is Copyright? (pdf file)

U.S. Copyright Office's Circular 21: Reproduction of Copyrighted Works by Educators and Librarians (pdf file)

The specific guidelines for classroom copying of books and periodicals are listed on pages 6-7 and are restated on this web page:

The general four factors to consider for fair use are:
  1. What is the character of the use?

  2. What is the nature of the work to be used?

  3. How much of the work will you use?

  4. What effect would this use have on the market for the original or for permissions if the use were widespread?

University of Texas’ Copyright Crash Course

The Four Factor Fair Use Test

U.S. Patent and Trademark Office's Conference on Fair Use (CONFU) issued a final report that proposed, but did not adopt, additional fair use guidelines.

Appendix H [pg 33]: Proposal for Educational Fair Use Guidelines for Digital Images
Appendix J [pg 49]: Proposal for Fair Use Guidelines for Educational Multimedia

Copyright & Fair Use Guides

University of Texas’ Copyright Crash Course
First Steps of Fair Use

Cornell University’s Copyright Information Center
Frequently Asked Questions

Cornell University’s Checklist for Conducting a Fair Use Analysis Before Using Copyrighted Materials worksheet (in PDF).

Stanford University’s Copyright & Fair Use Guide

Chapter 7. Academic & Educational Permissions (includes information on coursepacks and using digital images).

Copyright Clearance Center's

Using Electronic Reserves: Guidelines and Best Practices for Copyright Compliance (in PDF).

Return to the ACP library web site.