Secondary Literature:

  • PubMed Search MEDLINE® indexed journals, life science journals, and e-books for primary literature.
  • Search PubMed's Dietary Supplements subset, that limits a search to dietary supplement journals.
  • CAM® on PubMed Search the Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) journal subset of PubMed.
  • MEDLINE® Complete Search indexed journals, with full text available for articles, case reports, etc.

Tertiary Literature:

  • Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews issues systematic reviews evaluating the efficacy of some dietary supplements.
  • Daily Value Tables for Vitamins and Minerals published by the Office of Dietary Supplements within the U.S. National Institutes of Health.
    "Recommended intakes of nutrients vary by age and gender and are known as Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDAs) and Adequate Intakes (AIs). However, one value for each nutrient, known as the Daily Value (DV), is selected for the labels of dietary supplements and foods. A DV is often, but not always, similar to one's RDA or AI for that nutrient. DVs were developed by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to help consumers determine the level of various nutrients in a standard serving of food in relation to their approximate requirement for it. The label actually provides the %DV so that you can see how much (what percentage) a serving of the product contributes to reaching the DV."
  • Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs) Established by the Food and Nutrition Board of the Institute of Medicine, National Academy of Sciences.
  • Handbook of Nonprescription Drugs: An Integrative Approach to Self-Care Chapter 51 on Natural Products includes clinical evidence summaries, as of 2012, for the most popular dietary supplements.
  • Natural Medicines merges content from the former Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database and Natural Standard and includes information on more than 90,000 commercial dietary supplements and natural ingredients. Consult drug-supplement interaction data, adverse effects, pregnancy and lactation data, comparative effectiveness charts, and an evidence-based NMBER® rating system for product quality. Information is peer-reviewed by pharmacists, statisticians, clinicians, and researchers. Patient handouts and consumer education monographs are available in English, Spanish, and French. Published by the company Natural Medicines.
  • The Review of Natural Products, published by Facts & Comparisons, contains over 350 fully-referenced monographs, with pregnancy and lactation information, and an evidence-based herb/drug interactions appendix. The top of each monograph contains the monograph title, the month and year of issue, and the date of the last version of that monograph. Monographs for new natural products and updates of existing monographs are conducted monthly; Primary and Therapeutic Uses Indices are updated once a year. Each monograph includes a Clinical Overview section and the use, dosing, adverse reactions, and interactions of each herbal product.
  • US Pharmacopeia and National Formulary (USP-NF) is a book and combination of two compendia, updated annually, of public pharmacopeial standards for chemical and biological drug substances, dosage forms, and compounded preparations; excipients; medical devices; and dietary supplements. The U.S. Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetics Act designates the USP–NF as official compendia for drugs marketed in the United States. Drug products sold in the United States must conform to the standards in USP–NF to avoid possible charges of adulteration and misbranding.


Primary Literature:

Public web sites and databases:

Patient Information

Mobile Apps

  • About Herbs Available for iOS 5.1 or later or via a mobile-enabled web site for non-Apple devices. Published by Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center's Integrative Medicine Service, the app includes more than 200 monographs for herbs, with cited references, and two versions of each monograph: one written for healthcare professionals and one for consumers. Monographs are searchable by herb or medical condition.
  • MyDS MyDS [Dietary Supplements] is a mobile-enabled database from the Office of Dietary Supplements in the National Institutes of Health. Includes professional facts sheets, with references.

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Rev. 05/18