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Evidence Based Medicine
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® indexed journals
, life science journals, and e-books for primary literature.
PubMed's Dietary Supplements subset
, that limits a search to dietary supplement journals.
CAM® on PubMed
Search the Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) journal subset of PubMed.
Search indexed journals, with full text available for articles, case reports, etc.
Herbs and Supplements Monographs
(monographs supplied by the
Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
issues systematic reviews evaluating the efficacy of some dietary supplements.
Daily Value Tables for Vitamins and Minerals
published by the Office of Dietary Supplements within the U.S. National Institutes of Health.
"Recommended intakes of nutrients vary by age and gender and are known as Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDAs) and Adequate Intakes (AIs). However, one value for each nutrient, known as the Daily Value (DV), is selected for the labels of dietary supplements and foods. A DV is often, but not always, similar to one's RDA or AI for that nutrient. DVs were developed by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to help consumers determine the level of various nutrients in a standard serving of food in relation to their approximate requirement for it. The label actually provides the %DV so that you can see how much (what percentage) a serving of the product contributes to reaching the DV."
Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs)
Established by the Food and Nutrition Board of the Institute of Medicine, National Academy of Sciences.
Handbook of Nonprescription Drugs: An Integrative Approach to Self-Care
Chapter 51 on Natural Products
includes clinical evidence summaries, as of 2012, for the most popular dietary supplements.
merges content from the former Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database and Natural Standard and includes information on more than 90,000 commercial dietary supplements and natural ingredients. Consult drug-supplement interaction data, adverse effects, pregnancy and lactation data, comparative effectiveness charts, and an evidence-based NMBER® rating system for product quality. Information is peer-reviewed by pharmacists, statisticians, clinicians, and researchers. Patient handouts and consumer education monographs are available in English, Spanish, and French. Published by the company Natural Medicines.
The Review of Natural Products, published by Facts & Comparisons, contains over 350 fully-referenced monographs, with pregnancy and lactation information, and an evidence-based herb/drug interactions appendix.
The top of each monograph contains the monograph title, the month and year of issue, and the date of the last version of that monograph. Monographs for new natural products and updates of existing monographs are conducted monthly; Primary and Therapeutic Uses Indices are updated once a year.
Each monograph includes a Clinical Overview section and the use, dosing, adverse reactions, and interactions of each herbal product.
Facts & Comparisons® eAnswers
Lexicomp Online’s Natural Products Database
The Review of Natural Products
In STAT!Ref as an
US Pharmacopeia and National Formulary (USP-NF)
is a book and combination of two compendia, updated annually, of public pharmacopeial standards for chemical and biological drug substances, dosage forms, and compounded preparations; excipients; medical devices; and dietary supplements. The U.S. Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetics Act designates the USP–NF as official compendia for drugs marketed in the United States. Drug products sold in the United States must conform to the standards in USP–NF to avoid possible charges of adulteration and misbranding.
The Meaning of the USP Verified Mark
Article published in Pharmacy Times, April 2014.
USP Dietary Supplement Verification: The Standard of Quality
Published by the issuer of the USP Verified Mark, the United States Pharmacopeial Convention. See below for USP's verfication services for manufacturers and consumers.
The ABC Clinical Guide to Herbs
The American Botanical Council's clinical guide.
The Complete German Commission E Monographs
Herbal drugs monographs authored by the Commission E of the German Federal Health Agency with nonprescription use recommendations, published in 1978. Translated into English by the American Botanical Council.
Handbook of Nonprescription Drugs: An Interactive Approach to Self-Care
See Section XI: Complementary Therapies, Chapters 50-52, and Appendices i-ii.
Herbal Medicine: Biomolecular and Clinical Aspects, 2nd edition
from the NCBI Bookshelf
Herbal Medicine: Expanded Commission E Monographs
Adds introductions and supplementary uses, photographs, and references to expand the Commission E's initial monographs. Translated into English by the American Botanical Council.
Leung's Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics
Contains over 300 commonly used natural food, drug and cosmetic ingredients used commercially in the U.S. Extracts of botanicals and isolated chemical compounds are listed alphabetically according to common name and each entry is cross-referenced to its scientific terms in the index. Information includes source, habitat, parts utilized, preparation, physical and chemical description, biological activity and regulatory status. This edition features new material on Chinese natural products.
American Botanical Council
ABC's database links to article citations indexed in PubMed related to evidence of efficacy, activity, and safety data for herbs, and provides the ability to search PubMed, with preset limits, on types of studies or subheadings for a herb.
American Journal of Botany
Published by the Botanical Society of America (full text articles available 1998 to present, embargoed for 1 year)
Peer-reviewed journal published quarterly by the American Botanical Council (1990 to present)
International Journal of Phytomedicine
(2009 to present)
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine
(1998 to present, embargoed for 1 year)
Journal of Dietary Supplements
(2008 to present, embargoed for 18 months)
Journal of Herbal Pharmacotherapy
(Mar 2004 to Sept 2007)
Journal of Natural Products
(1996 to present)
Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy
Public web sites and databases:
Computer Access to Research on Dietary Supplements (CARDS) database
Contains searchable federally funded research on dietary supplements. Maintained by the Office of Dietary Supplements, within the U.S.National Institutes of Health.
European Medicines Agency:
Community List of Herbal Medicinal Products
The Community List are brief monographs within a searchable document library, authored by the Committee on Herbal Medicinal Products (HMPC) of the EMA, listing traditional European herbal medicines deemed unlikely to be unsafe based on longstanding cultural use. In the Document Library's
Filter by document type:
search field, select the record type:
'Herbal - Community list entry'
from the drop-down menu. No search terms in the
Search by keyword in title:
field will retrieve all listings from the Community List.
Community Herbal Monographs
Published by the EMA to provide standardized phytomedicine information for European Union Member States.
Dietary Supplements page
The Food and Drug Administration's Dietary Supplements web portal.
Dietary Supplements Ingredients Database (DSID)
Maintained by the Office of Dietary Supplements, within the U.S. National Institutes of Health.
Dietary Supplement Label Database (DSLD)
A joint effort of the Office of Dietary Supplements, within the National Institutes of Health and the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
Holistic Online: Integrative Medicine Treatment Approaches for Common Health Complaints
Company laboratory tests and ranks dietary supplements, based on their ingredient safety, label accuracy, nutritional value, product purity, and projected efficacy.
List of Tainted Dietary Supplements
Maintained by the FDA, listing dietary supplements, since 2007, that have been identified to be adulterated with either the active ingredients in FDA-approved drugs or their analogs (closely-related drugs) or other compounds, such as novel synthetic steroids, that do not qualify as dietary ingredients.
National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine
USP Verification Services for Dietary Supplements
For manufacturers and consumers, offered by the United States Pharmacopeial Convention.
Federal Trade Commission's Patient Information on Dietary Supplements
Produced in cooperation with the FDA, the FTC provides information to help consumers evaluate information provided with dietary supplements.
Medline Plus: Drugs, Herbs and Supplements
Provided by the U.S. National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health. Herb and dietary supplement content is based on the Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database (NMCD). Prescription and over-the-counter medication information for consumers is from AHFS® Consumer Medication Information, copyrighted by the
American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (ASHP), Inc.
. The web site is available in several languages and also contains a medical dictionary and encyclopedia.
Nutrition.gov's Dietary Supplements Page
Nutrition.gov is a service of the National Agricultural Library, US Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Available for iOS 5.1 or later or via a mobile-enabled web site for non-Apple devices. Published by Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center's Integrative Medicine Service, the app includes more than 200 monographs for herbs, with cited references, and two versions of each monograph: one written for healthcare professionals and one for consumers. Monographs are searchable by herb or medical condition.
MyDS [Dietary Supplements] is a mobile-enabled database from the Office of Dietary Supplements in the National Institutes of Health. Includes professional facts sheets, with references.
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phone: (276) 498-5239
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